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05 Aircraft Design, Testing and Performance

Includes all stages of design of aircraft and aircraft structures and systems. Also includes aircraft testing, performance, and evaluation, and aircraft and flight simulation technology. For related information see also 18 Spacecraft Design, Testing and Performance; and 39 Structural Mechanics. For land transportation vehicles see 85 Technology Utilization and Surface Transportation.


Aircraft Design – The act of conceiving and planning the structure, systems, and performance characteristics of an aircraft vehicle or any other apparatus, machine or contrivance intended to be borne up either by dynamic action of the air upon the object's surfaces, or by the object's own buoyancy. NASA Thesaurus, Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Aircraft Testing – Testing by means of actual or simulated flight of an aircraft to see how the aircraft or any equipment used on an aircraft performs or tests of an aircraft component to determine its suitability or reliability in flight. NASA Thesaurus, Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Aircraft Performance – The manner or effectiveness with which an aircraft vehicle or any airborne structure, machine, or contrivance functions while in operation. NASA Thesaurus, Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

NASA Interest

Exhaustive Interest : Research, development, testing, evaluation, or performance of any complete aircraft, system, or component; operating problems that affect or are affected by design, development, testing, evaluation, or performance.


Input Subjects of Specific Interest

  • aeroelasticity (property)
  • aircraft components
  • aircraft configurations
  • aircraft descriptions (types/names/designations)
  • aircraft design
  • aircraft development
  • aircraft evaluation
  • aircraft flight tests
  • aircraft performance
  • aircraft simulation
  • aircraft structures
  • aircraft testing
  • airship performance
  • body-tail combinations (aircraft design)
  • cabin pressurization (aircraft)
  • deicing systems (aircraft)
  • depressurization systems (aircraft)
  • ejection systems and seats (design)
  • expandable structures (aircraft)
  • fins (aircraft)
  • fuselages
  • gliders (sailplanes, hang gliders)
  • helicopter design
  • helicopter ground resonance
  • helicopter performance
  • helicopter rotor dynamics
  • Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology (HiMAT)
  • hydraulic system (aircraft)
  • inflatable structures (aircraft)
  • in-flight simulation (aircraft)
  • landing gear (aircraft)
  • lifting bodies
  • lighter-than-air craft (balloons, airships) design
  • models (aircraft)
  • noise reduction
  • noise reduction (aircraft structures)
  • pneumatic systems (aircraft)
  • powerlift technology
  • pressurization systems (aircraft)
  • pressurized cabins
  • remotely piloted vehicles (RPV)
  • tail surfaces
  • TAV (transatmospheric vehicles) (aircraft)
  • tilt rotor aircraft
  • tires (aircraft)
  • transatmospheric vehicles (TAV) (aircraft)
  • transition flight
  • unmanned aircraft systems (design and testing)
  • wheels (aircraft)
  • wind tunnel tests (aircraft and components)
  • wing-body combinations (aircraft design)
  • wing-nacelle combinations (aircraft design)
  • wings